Basic First Aid

 

DO NOT put yourself in danger

DO NOT move casualties from their vehicles unless absolutely necessary.

DO NOT remove a motorcyclist’s helmet unless it is essential

DO NOT give causalities anything to eat or drink

DO try to make them warm and as comfortable as you can, but avoid unnecessary movement.

DO keep reassuring the casualty

Always remember that the casualty may be suffering from shock.

If possible try not to leave causalities alone or let them wander into the path of other traffic

Not Breathing

Remember the letters D R A B C

 

D- Danger – Check that you are not putting yourself in danger

R- Response – Try to get a response by asking questions and gently shaking their shoulders.

A – Airways – If they are unconscious, check their airway is open and clear. To open the airway, place one hand on the forehead and gently tilt their head back, then lift the chin using 2 fingers only.

B-Breathing – Keep the airway open, check to see if the breathing is normal. Look along their chest and listen and feel for breaths on your cheek for up to 10 seconds.

C- Compressions – If they are not breathing, start chest compressions immediately.

  • Place one hand on the centre of their chest. Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first and interlock your fingers, keeping your fingers off their ribs.
  • Lean directly over their chest and press down vertically about 5-6cm. Release the pressure, but don’t remove your hands.
  • Give compressions at a rate of 100 – 120 per minute until help arrives.

Bleeding

  • Check for anything that may be in the wound, such as glass or debris
  • Apply firm pressure over the wound if nothing is embedded.
  • If the wound has something embedded, do not press on the object – build up padding on either side of it. Fasten a pad to the wound with a bandage or length of cloth. Use the cleanest material available.
  • If a limb is bleeding, but not broken, raise it above the level of the heart to reduce the flow of blood. Any restriction of blood circulation for more than short time could cause long-term injuries.

Burns

  • Cool the burn by dousing it with clean, cold water or similar non-toxic liquid for at least 10 minutes.
  • Do not try to remove anything sticking to burn.

+ Always carry a first Aid kit in your vehicle. You can do a number of things to help save a life, even if you have had no training.